GPi - Global Peace Index







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The Global Peace Index is an ongoing project initiated by the Australian businessman and philanthropist Steve Killelea. It is being realized by the Economist Intelligence Unit, in conjunction with an international team of academics and peace experts.

By carefully weighting 24 peace indicators, the GPi measures the relative peacefulness of nations. The peace indicators cover three areas that are suited to evaluate actual or potential threats to peace. The three areas are:

A. Ongoing domestic and international conflicts

Indicator 1            Number of external and internal conflicts fought, 2000-05

Indicator 2            Estimated number of deaths from organized conflict (external)

Indicator 3            Number of deaths from organized conflict (internal)

Indicator 4            Level of organized conflict (internal)

Indicator 5            Relations with neighbouring countries

B. Societal safety and security

Indicator 6            Level of distrust in other citizens

Indicator 7            Number of displaced people as a percentage of the population

Indicator 8            Political instability

Indicator 9            Level of disrespect for human rights (Political Terror Scale)

Indicator 10          Potential for terrorist acts

Indicator 11          Number of homicides per 100,000 people

Indicator 12          Level of violent crime

Indicator 13          Likelihood of violent demonstrations

Indicator 14          Number of jailed population per 100,000 people

Indicator 15          Number of internal security officers and police per 100,000 people

C. State of militarization

Indicator 16          Military expenditure as a percentage of GDP

Indicator 17          Number of armed services personnel per 100,000 people

Indicator 18          Volume of transfers (imports) of major conventional weapons per 100,000 people

Indicator 19          Volume of transfers (exports) of major conventional weapons per 100,000 people

Indicator 20          UN Deployments 2006-07 (percentage of total armed forces)

Indicator 21          Non UN Deployments 2006-07 (percentage of total armed forces)

Indicator 22          Aggregate number of heavy weapons per 100,000 people

Indicator 23          Ease of access to small arms and light weapons

Indicator 24          Military capability/sophistication

Each indicator is apportioned a score ranging from 1 to 5, with 1 meaning the most peaceful, and 5 meaning the least peaceful state. The total score for each country is then weighted according to "internal" and "external" factors of peace in order to attain an overall ranking of relative peacefulness.

And these, according to GPi, are the 20 most peaceful countries in the world, as of 2007:

  1. Norway

  2. New Zealand

  3. Denmark

  4. Ireland

  5. Japan

  6. Finland

  7. Sweden

  8. Canada

  9. Portugal

10. Austria

11. Belgium

12. Germany

13. Czech Republic

14. Switzerland

15. Slovenia

16. Chile

17. Slovakia

18. Hungary

19. Bhutan

20. Netherlands


The 20 least peaceful countries then are:

  1. Iraq

  2. Sudan

  3. Israel

  4. Russia

  5. Nigeria

  6. Columbia

  7. Pakistan

  8. Lebanon

  9. Cote d'Ivoire

10. Angola

11. Sri Lanka

12. Uzbekistan

13. India

14. Myanmar

15. Algeria

16. Zimbabwe

17. Thailand

18. Uganda

19. Ethiopia

20. Venezuela


To view the full list of countries, ranks and scores, please click on this pdf-file.

For further details and background information, please visit Vision of Humanity, at


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N.B.: A similar study called FSI - Failed States Index has been drawn up by the Fund for Peace and the Foreign Policy Magazine. In this study, countries are ranked as to their risk of failure as a political entity.

While both studies arrive at largely similar results, a few astonishing differences in perception and analysis do show up. While the GPi rates the USA and South Africa as among the most threatening countries in the world, the FSI regards them both as among the least dangerous. On the other extreme, Bhutan receives the astonishing 19th rank in GPi's list of the most peaceful countries (see list above), while FPI regards it as a near-failed stated, posing a threat not only to itself but to neighbouring countries as well.



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